You are here: California / Harbors and Navigation Code - HNC / ARTICLE 1. Operation and Equipment [650. - 674.] / Section 656.

Section 656. (Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 877, Sec. 3.)
Cite as: Cal. Harb. & Nav. Code §656.

(a)It is the duty of the operator of a vessel involved in a collision, accident, or other casualty, so far as the operator can do so without serious danger to his or her own vessel, crew, and passengers, to render to other persons affected by the collision, accident, or other casualty such assistance as may be practicable and as may be necessary in order to save them from, or minimize any, danger caused by the collision, accident, or other casualty.

(b)Any person who complies with subdivision (a) or Section 656.1, 656.2, or 656.3 or who gratuitously and in good faith renders assistance at the scene of a vessel collision, accident, or other casualty without objection by any person assisted, shall not be held liable for any civil damages sought as a result of the rendering of assistance or for any act or omission in providing or arranging salvage, towage, medical treatment, or other assistance, where the assisting person has acted as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.

(c)(1)An individual employee of a public entity engaged in rescue pursuant to this code shall not be a proper party defendant and shall be dismissed on motion, unless the employee has violated a statute other than a statute creating a general obligation to rescue or is guilty of oppression, fraud, malice, or the conscious disregard of the safety of others.

(2)The public entity employing such an individual shall be liable in civil damages where the individual employee has failed to act as a reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.

(3)Where a public entity has given a reasonable printed, electronic, or verbal warning of the danger causing the distress which created the necessity for the rescue, and there has been a reasonable opportunity for the party in distress to receive the warning, the public entity shall be liable only for acts or omissions of its employee which were taken in a grossly negligent manner.

(d)The owner, operator, or other person on board a vessel involved in a casualty or accident shall report the casualty or accident in accordance with regulations adopted by the department. The department shall adopt regulations to maintain a uniform casualty and accident reporting system for vessels subject to this code in conformity with federal casualty and accident reporting regulations promulgated by the United States Coast Guard or any successor thereto. Consistent with Public Law 92-75 and the federal regulations contained in Part 173 of Title 33 of the Code of Federal Regulations, a peace officer or harbor policeman, upon receiving an initial report of a casualty involving the death or disappearance of a person as a result of a boating accident, shall immediately forward the report, by quickest means available, to the department.

(e)Neither the report required by this section nor any action taken by the department with regard to the report shall be referred to in any way, or be any evidence of negligence or due care of any party, at the trial of any action at law to recover damages.

(f)All required accident reports, and supplemental reports, shall be without prejudice to the individual so reporting and shall be for the confidential use of the department and any peace officer actually engaged in the enforcement of this chapter, except that the department shall disclose the names and addresses of persons involved in, or witnesses to, an accident, the registration numbers and descriptions of vessels involved, and the date, time, and location of an accident to any person who may have a proper interest therein, including the operators involved or the legal guardian thereof, the parent of a minor operator, the authorized representative of an operator, or any person injured therein and the owners of vessels or property damaged thereby.

(g)This section applies to foreign vessels, military or public recreational-type vessels, vessels owned by a state or subdivision thereof, and ship’s lifeboats otherwise exempted from this chapter pursuant to Section 650.1.





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